The choice of birth control is personal. The best or most ideal option for you depends on many factors, including your age, your lifestyle, your health, and, of course, your individual contraceptive goals. Several options are available, including oral contraceptive pills, intramuscular injections, transdermal implants, and IUDs to name a few. If you are looking for permanent contraception method, several procedures include tubal ligation and Essure tubal occlusion.
Oral Contraceptive Pills
Birth control pills contain hormones that prevent you from ovulating. They cause other changes within the body that also prevent pregnancy, such as a thicker mucus in the cervix and a thinner uterine lining. Both make conception much more difficult. The pill must be taken at the same time daily to be most effective.
Depo-Provera is a birth control shot containing a type of progesterone. Your healthcare provider injects it into your arm or buttocks about every twelve weeks. Each shot provides protection against pregnancy for up to fourteen weeks, but you should receive the shot every twelve weeks to remain fully protected. Depo-Provera works as soon as it is injected.
The Neplanon implant is a thin plastic rod about the size of a matchstick. Your healthcare practitioner inserts the implant just under the skin of your upper arm in the office. The rod slowly releases a low level of hormone into the body. The implant is effective for at least three years. Your healthcare provider may remove it after three years or before if you wish.
An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small T-shaped device about an inch in length and width. Several types of IUDs are available including hormones and non-hormonal options. The hormone-containing IUDs release progesterone that prevents fertilization of an egg by damaging sperm, by making the mucus in the cervix thick, and by thinning the lining of the uterus. The non-hormonal IUD contains copper, which is toxic to sperm. The hormone-containing IUDs also reduce bleeding and cramping during your period. An IUD lasts three to ten years and sometimes longer, depending upon the device:
A vaginal ring, also known as the NuvaRing, is a small flexible ring that is inserted each month into the vagina. It releases hormones just like birth control pills and is replaced after each month. For three weeks it is left in, the next week you have your period, and then you insert a new ring and start the cycle over again. The hormones within a vaginal ring prevent ovulation and make cervical mucus thicker to prevent sperm from entering through the cervix.
Sterilization is a permanent method of birth control. Our office provides two types of sterilization: Essure Tubal Occlusion and bilateral tubal ligation. Both involve obstructing the fallopian tubes. Both are done as a minimally invasive surgery in the hospital.