If you are experiencing urinary or bladder problems, your doctor may perform urodynamics testing to determine the cause of your symptoms. Urinary incontinence, or loss of bladder control, can affect people of all ages, but women are especially susceptible during and after pregnancy. The incontinence is often caused by a urinary tract infection or weak muscles in the urinary tract. Weak muscles may prevent you from closing off the urethra while doing certain activities. Urodynamics tests are typically performed after an infection is ruled out. Urodynamics testing may include:
- Uroflowmetry – This test measures the speed and volume of urine flow to determine if the bladder muscle is weak or urine flow is obstructed.
- Cystometrogram – This tests measures how much pressure the bladder can hold before needing to empty. A catheter is placed in the bladder as more and more water is added until the need to urinate is felt.
- Electromyography – This test measures the muscles in and around the sphincter to determine if the problem is related to nerve or muscle damage.
Other tests such as measuring residual urine and leakage may also be performed to help your doctor diagnose your urinary condition.
Cryosurgery, also known as cryotherapy, is a minimally invasive treatment that uses freezing cold temperatures to destroy abnormal tissue cells. These cells can include skin tumors, nodules, skin tags or prostate, liver and cervical cancer cells.
Doctors apply nitrogen or argon gas either directly on the skin or through a cryoprobe with image assistance for internal tumors. The diseased cells cannot survive extremely cold conditions and will be destroyed. Cryosurgery has a shorter treatment and recovery time than surgical procedures. Talk to your doctor if you think you may be a good candidate for cryosurgery.